Hausknecht-Halas - Hungary
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Facts and Figures

Official Name: Republic of Hungary
Official Name (short): Hungary
Capital: Budapest
Currency: Forint (HUF)
Language: Hungarian
Population: 10 million
Geographical Coordinates: Latitude 47º 00'
Longitude 20º 00'
Area: 92,340 km˛


Hungary is a landlocked, central European country with seven bordering countries: Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west.

Map of Hungary

Short History

9 AD The Romans create the province of Pannonia in western Hungary
Early 2nd Century The Romans conquer eastern Hungary. They call it Dacia.
271 The Romans abandon Dacia
End of 4th Century Romans withdraw from western Hungary
896 The Magyars enter Hungary
955 The Magyars are crushed by the Germans at the battle of Augsburg
1090-1038 King Stephen rules Hungary
1222 King Andreas II issues the Golden Bull
1241 The Mongols invade Hungary
1458-1490 King Matthias rules Hungary
1514 Hungarian peasants rebel
1526 The Turks crush the Hungarians at the battle of Mohacs
1699 The Austrians take Hungary from the Turks
1703-1711 The Hungarians rebel against the Austrians
1848 Revolution breaks out in Hungary
1849 Hungary is declared independent. However the Russians put down the rebellion.
1867 The Dual Monarchy is formed
1868 Compulsory education is introduced in Hungary
1918 Following defeat in the First World War Hungary becomes independent
1920 Admiral Horthy becomes head of state
1940 Hungary joins the Tripartite Pact
1941 Hungary joins the German invasion of Russia
1944 The Germans occupy Hungary
1945 The Russians occupy Hungary
1945-1948 The Communists gradually take over Hungary
1956 Hungary rebels against Communism. The Russians put down the rebellion.
1989 Communism collapses in Hungary
1990 Elections are held in Hungary
1999 Hungary joins NATO
2004 Hungary joins the UN